Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS) publishes original research papers with the understanding that these papers are not being considered for publishing elsewhere. Submission are accepted throughout the year with an average review time of 3 months. All submissions in Microsoft Word format should be sent electronically via email to:
All submissions are subject to double blind peer review and should follow the PJCSS format. All tables and figures should be numbered and inserted in text of the paper in black and white (no colored figures).
Language: All manuscripts should be in English language (US English). Research papers should be thoroughly checked by the author(s) to avoid grammatical, typographical and syntax errors. Scholarly language and subject related terminology should be used as the readers of PJCSS belong to scholarly audience. Authors should focus on content, style, integration of ideas, higher order thinking skill of analysis and novel arguments.
Length of paper: 8,000-10,000 words including tables and references.
Title page: It should include concise, specific, relevant and informative title (avoid abbreviations in the title). Please indicate the full name of author(s) clearly. Present the authors affiliation below the names. Provide the full address of each affiliation, including the country name, correct e-mail address, and telephone number of each author. Please clearly indicate who (corresponding author) is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of peer review and publication.
Short running title: A short running title of not more than 50 characters should be provided.
General rules for text: Please use the following rules for whole text, including abstract, keywords, heading and references.
Font: Times New Roman; Size: 10
Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph – 0 pt; Below paragraph – 4 pt
Line Spacing: fixed – 12 pt
Heading 1: Times New Roman; Size-10; Bold; for example, 3. Methodology
Heading 2: Times New Roman; Size-10; Italic; for example, 3.1 Population
Heading 3: Times New Roman; Size-10; for example, 3.1.1 Sample
Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length 200 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, data set, methodology, results, major conclusions and usefulness of the study.
Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide 6-8 keywords specific to the research paper. Avoid general and plural terms: only firmly established terms and abbreviations should be used.
Introduction: This section may cover overall background and description of the study, narrow down to research objectives, motivation of the topic, importance/significance, proposed tasks and novelty. Abbreviations should be described in parentheses when first time they appear in the text.
Literature review: This sections may critically describe/evaluate literature relevant to research problem, establish context, compare and contrast the most recent developments in literature and trends. Search gaps after concentrating on thought leaders’ seminal work and linking the research with relevant theories.
Methodology: This section may describe population structure, sample, instrumentation, data collection, hypotheses, equations, statistical tool and its justification.
Data analysis: This section may cover in depth interpretation through applying higher order thinking skill of analysis and develop novel arguments based on significance of statistical relations. Establish interconnections among and within variables. Testing hypotheses and comparing with literature.
Discussion and recommendations: It may be broken into meaningful sections, i.e. hypotheses supported/rejected, alternative explanations, conclusion, theoretical/methodological contribution, practical implications, recommendations, future study directions and limitations.
Subdivision of the article: Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to the text. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the cost of clarity.
Figure legends, figures, schemes: Present them in order (suitable heading and specific number; Arabic numerals) wherever appropriate in the text. High-resolution (black and white only) graphs must be provided in the main text of the paper.
Tables: Present tables with suitable heading and specific number (Arabic numerals) at the appropriate place of the article. Use the Table option of Microsoft Word to create tables. Ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Refer to table number wherever appropriate in the text of the paper.
Equation/Formula: Present equations using Microsoft Equation Editor. Numbers (Arabic numerals) to each equation should be placed in parenthesis at the right margin.
References: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). You may refer the “Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association”, its details may be found at: www.apa.org . References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically.
Reference to a journal publication: Core, J. E., Holthausen, R. W., & Larcker, D. F. (1999). Corporate governance, chief executive officer compensation, and firm performance. Journal of Financial Economics, 51(3), 371-406.
Reference to a book: Jesudason, J. V. (1989). Ethnicity and the economy: The state, Chinese business, and multinationals in Malaysia. Oxford University Press, USA.
Reference to a web source: World Bank (2009). Outlook for Remittance Flows 2009-2011. [Online] Available: http://econ.worldbank.org (March 2, 2016).
Chapters in edited volumes: Herath, H. S., Bremser, W. G., & Birnberg, J. G. (2014). A Balanced Scorecard Strategic Initiative Planning Model with Resource Constraints. Advances in Management Accounting (Advances in Management Accounting, Volume 24) Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 24, 1-38.
Unpublished papers: Wheaton, W. C., Chervachidze, S. & Nechayev, G. (2014). Error Correction Models of MSA Housing Supply Elasticities: Implications for Price Recovery. MIT Department of Economics, Working Paper No. 14-05.
Conference proceedings: Heiman, A. L., Vincent-Hoper, S., Gregersen, S., & Nienhaus, A. (2014). A meta-analysis on transformational leadership and well-being: The role of the job demands–resources model. Paper presented at the International Conference of Applied Psychology, Paris, France.
Thesis: Mole, G.W. (2002). Managers in conflict: a longitudinal study of manager behaviour in interpersonal conflicts at work. Unpublished PhD. Thesis, University of London, UK.
Abbreviation of Journal Names: Please avoid using abbreviations in the title of a paper. Rather full names of journals should be described in the references to facilitate readers and indexing agencies.
Footnote: Footnotes should be avoided while references preferably be prepared using some bibliography package.
JEL Classification: Please provide up to 5 JEL classification codes after abstract of the paper that may be accessed at: https://www.aeaweb.org/econlit/jelCodes.php?view=jel
Acknowledgement: All acknowledgements should be described at the end of the paper in a separate paragraph after having specific permission from individuals and institutions to mention their names. Authors should also declare and acknowledge any sources of research funding in this section.
Appendix: Background information, list of respondents, list of companies or questionnaire may be described in this section.
Authorship of the Work
Others who have participated in certain substantive aspect of the research should be acknowledged for their contribution in an “Acknowledgement” section.
Conflicts of Interest
Peer Review Process
Being an HEC recognized/accredited journal, PJCSS follows peer review guidelines of HEC in true letter and spirit to meet the requirements of recognition/accreditation and annual funding. All papers submitted to PJCSS undergo a rigorous internal and external review by experts in the relevant area of interest. PJCSS attempts to maintain an average review time of 3 months.
Resubmission of Paper (after peer review)
Nearly every published paper goes through at least one revision. Authors should take a revision request as good news and opportunity to learn and improve the quality of their research paper. They are directed to revise the paper carefully in accordance with the reviewers’ suggestions to avoid the needless interruption in review process. Generally, review report is provided in columnar form. Last column of the review report is Authors’ action/response. This column is to be filled by the author(s) in detail, the way each review point is incorporated in the revised version of the paper (This is a compulsory part of review process). Revised paper along with reply/response to review report should be submitted within two months. Author(s) should be very careful regarding accuracy and completeness in accordance with the reviewers’ suggested points, so as to avoid further review and delay (further revision can be recommended, if editors find that reviewers’ suggestions have not been incorporated satisfactorily).
Keeping in view the other academic/professional commitments, authors can request for extra time, if they feel that revision needs more efforts and time to improve the quality of paper.
Publication Ethics (for authors)
As Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS) is an HEC recognized/accredited and funded journal, that’s why it is obligatory for authors to read, understand and follow these ethical guidelines http://www.hec.gov.pk/english/services/faculty/SSAH/Documents/JCR/HEC%20Approved%20Ethical%20Guidelines.pdf). These include fraudulent authorship, originality of material, privacy of participants, conflict of interest, falsification of data, plagiarism and fabrication of results.
In accordance with the guidelines of Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS) observes Zero Tolerance to plagiarism (http://www.hec.gov.pk/english/services/faculty/Documents/Plagiarism/Plagiarism%20Policy.pdf). PJCSS uses either Turnitin or iThenticate for all research papers submitted to detect possible plagiarism. If similarity is more than 18%, the paper is returned to the author(s) immediately. PJCSS follows HEC and COPE guidelines to make the determination whether (or to what extent) plagiarism exists.
If plagiarism or other unethical practices are detected after publishing the paper, editorial board has the authority to correct or retract the paper as HEC’s plagiarism policy (http://www.hec.gov.pk/english/services/faculty/Plagiarism/Pages/default.aspx). All authors are responsible for their content individually and collectively. In extreme cases, Editorial board may decide to consult the institution of author(s).
Self-plagiarism: verbatim or substantial copying of authors’ own published work (or under consideration for publication at some other outlet) effecting originality of current submission is also no acceptable in any way.
The names and addresses (email and surface) available to PJCSS would not be used except for the stated purposes of the journal and would not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Editorial board of PJCSS is committed to provide quality editorial services to its contributors and believes in building and maintaining trust and respect to all contributors, readers and practitioners. PJCSS believes to improve its services by responding appeals and rectifying its mistakes against:
a) Objection to publications causing harm to any party
b) Infringing ethical boundaries in any manner and
c) Rejection of research paper
Authors/readers can submit their appeal directly to the chief editor at: email@example.com. The appeal must provide detail justification (harm, ethical issues or response to editor/reviewer comments). The chief editor would look after the matter independently and forward it to some appropriate PJCSS editorial board member. Finally, the board member after going through whole the complaint/justification can recommend further review, acceptance of appeal or uphold the original decision (if any).
Copyrights and Open Access Policy
Copyrights of all research papers published in Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS) are held by the Johar Education Society, Pakistan (JESPK). However, as the PJCSS follows Budapest Open Access Initiative for global exchange of knowledge, readers are freely allowed to download, read and print the full text papers of PJCSS without prior permission from the JESPK or the author as long as they acknowledge/cite the PJCSS as original source.
Research papers submitted to PJCSS should be original and should not be under consideration to some other publisher at the same time. Authors warrant that they are the sole owner of their research work and their submission is not an infringement of any copyright, trade secret or other proprietary rights and will indemnify the society of any breach of such warranty.
Johar Education Society, Pakistan (JESPK) makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all information contained in its publications. However, JESPK makes no warranties as to the accuracy and completeness of the Content. In this way, JESPK shall not be liable for any losses or claims arising due to the use of the Content. Further, it is the editorial policy of PJCSS to accommodate broad diversity of viewpoints on various issues in commerce and cognate disciplines. Any opinions and views expressed in research papers are of the author(s) and cannot be considered of the JESPK.